Chapter 10, Act 2

What was the Dred Scott case about and what did the courts decide?

Dred Scott and his family had lived for a significant time in “free” territory, which should have automatically guaranteed their right to emancipation under the “once free, always free” doctrine. Unfortunately, Scott didn’t attempt to exercise this option until he and his family were living in Missouri, a slave-holding state. Scott attempted to purchase his family’s freedom for $300, but Irene Emerson refused the offer, so Scott sued for their freedom in court, a strategy that had worked for certain other former slaves.

Taney ,a staunch supporter of slavery and intent on protecting southerners from northern aggression wrote in the Court’s majority opinion that, because Scott was black, he was not a citizen and therefore had no right to sue. The framers of the Constitution, he wrote, believed that blacks “had no rights which the white man was bound to respect, and that the negro might justly and lawfully be reduced to slavery for his benefit. He was bought and sold and treated as an ordinary article of merchandise and traffic, whenever profit could be made by it.”

Referring to the Declaration of Independence that includes the phrase, “all men are created equal,” Taney reasoned that “it is too clear for dispute, that the enslaved African race were not intended to be included, and formed no part of the people who framed and adopted this declaration. . . .”. Frederick Douglass, found a bright side to the decision and announced, “my hopes were never brighter than now.” For Douglass, the decision would bring slavery to the attention of the nation and was a step toward slavery’s ultimate destruction.




Lap 4: Chpater 7, Section 4


5.the candidates in the 1828 election focused on mudslinging instead of real issues, because they wanted to avoid the tension the issues caused. The party didnt want to show that they were just as worried and falling apart.

6.he basic terms of the Missouri Compromise:
– Admitted Maine as a free state
– Admitted Missouri as a slave state
-Prohibited slavery above the 36-30 Latitude (except in Missouri)

Lap 3: Chapter 8, Activity 2 Part 2

1.What are some of the most important inventions/innovations of your lifetime?

a list of some important inventions:

  • nanotechnology
  • artificial heart
  • birth control
  • GPS
  • solar energy
  • Internet social networking
  • ipod/ipad

2.How have they changed your life and the world around us?

The inventions i named havent effected my life personally, but they do effect the world around me. For example environmentally friendly transformer fluid from vegetable oils is better for the environment. If the environment is more healthy, so am i. The artificial heart/liver could also effect my life. If  i need a transplant one day and theirs no available doner, the artificial one could save my life.

3.What do you believe id the most important inventions/innovations today? 

The list goes on and on with inventions from 1995-2011, most people would say smart phones or ipods are most important, but i find inventions such as, environmentally friendly transformer fluid from vegetable oils or the artificial heart or liver, birth control,or braillie glove to be more important.

Lap 3: Chapter 8, Activity 2

Herman Melville wrote the popular American novel Moby-Dick (1851). As a young man, he spent quite a long time wandering at sea, traveling in Polynesia, gaining experiences which later inspired his writings. His masterpiece Moby-Dick brought him no wealth or respect during his lifetime. Only later did Melville come to be recognized by modern critics as one of the greatest American writers.

Herman Melville born August 01, 1819 into a  wealthy New York family that suffered great financial losses, Melville had little formal schooling and began a period of wanderings at sea in 1839.  Melville’s father  Allan thought very little of him and spoke of him as, “backward in speech and somewhat slow in comprehension . . . of a docile and amiable disposition.”

After the collapse of the family’s import business in 1830 Herman worked on the family farm for a while with his uncle and brother. In 1841 he sailed on a whaler bound for the South Seas; the next year he jumped ship in the Marquesas Islands. His adventures in Polynesia were the basis of his successful first novels, Typee (1846) and Omoo (1847). After his fantasy Mardi (1849) failed, he quickly wrote Redburn (1849) and White-Jacket (1850), about the rough life of sailors.

Moby-Dick (1851), his masterpiece, is both an intense whaling narrative and a symbolic examination of the problems and possibilities of American democracy; but it brought him no fame or acknowledgment from critics. Moving on he wrote Pierre (1852),srael Potter (1855), The Confidence-Man (1857), and magazine stories, including “Bartleby the Scrivener” (1853) and “Benito Cereno” (1855). After 1857 he wrote verse. It wasn’t until 1886 when he finally got income from being a customs inspector. Passing in 1819 Herman wasn’t acknowledged until 1840 when he was among the most celebrated of American writers.Neglected for much of his career, Melville came to be regarded by modern critics as one of the greatest American writers.


Lap 3: Activity 1

Chapter 7 Activity:

Activity 1: Using the website Students will choose a Supreme Court case that deals with education. They will summarize the case and write whether they agree or disagree with the ruling and why.

I choose the Zorach v. Clauson case. This case confronts the  New york schools districts releasing of students from school buildings and grounds and go to religious centers for religious instruction or devotional exercises. Students not released stay in the classrooms, and the churches report to the schools the names of children released from public schools who fail to report for religious instruction. After reading this case, i do not agree with releasing of students.

I do not agree with the New york school district, because i believe if a family and or student is so strongly religious that they wish for permission to leave school grounds to practice their religious exercises, then they should just go to a school that practices their religion. Now i understand there might not be a school where they live that practices there religion, but then i ask my self the question;  “why would they live in a community where no one has the same religious background as them?”


Lap 2: Chapter 6, Section 1


Tariff of 1789:Was the second statute ever enacted by the new federal government of the United States. Most of the rates of the tariff were between 5 and 10 percent, depending on the value of the item.

Bank of the United States: A central bank, chartered by the federal government in 1791. Proposed by Alexander Hamilton, the bank collected taxes, held government funds, and regulated state banks.

Whiskey Rebellion:Incident in which farmers of western Pennsylvania rose up in protest against the excise tax on whiskey in 1794.

3.Describe the intended purpose of the national bank.

The First Bank of the United States was needed because the government had a debt from the Revolutionary War, and each state had a different form of currency. It was built while Philadelphia was still the nation’s capital. Alexander Hamilton conceived of the bank to handle the colossal war debt and to create a standard form of currency.

4.What precedent did George Washington set as president of the Unites States?

Washington set the precedent for a US president to serve no more than two consecutive terms in office. This was followed until 1940 when Franklin Roosevelt ran for a third term, then for a fourth one in 1944. It was after this that a law was passed restricting the president to self succession for only one term.


Lap 2:Chpater4, Section 4


Virgina Statute for Religious Freedom: Drafted in 1777 by Thomas Jefferson in the city of Fredericksburg, Virginia. In 1786, the Virginia General Assembly enacted the statute into the state’s law. It supported the Establishment Clause and Free Exercise Clause of the First Amendment, and freedom of conscience.

Molly Pitcher:Heroine of the American Revolution who carried water to soldiers during the Battle of Monmouth Court House and took over her husband’s gun when he was overcome by heat (1754-1832).

John Trumbull:Was an American artist during the period of the American Revolutionary War and was notable for his historical paintings. His Declaration of Independence was used on the reverse of the two-dollar bill.

Charles Wilson Peale:American painter best remembered for his portraits of the leading figures of the American Revolution and as the founder of the first major museum in the United States.

3.Lit three features of the political system of the U.S set up after the Revolutionary war.

The United States became a Republicanism state after the revolution. This type of government stresses liberty and rights as central values and makes the people as a whole sovereign, rejects inherited political power (Monarchy), and expects citizens to be independent in their performance of civic duties and against corruption.

4.What new aspects of American culture emerged after the Revolutionary war?

For the most part America stayed the same, but there were several differences that changed in order to separate the new United States of America such as, failure to adapt the metric system. A lot of patriotism was found to be a big thing in America, most Englishmen or loyalists were considered traitors, but for the most part stayed where they were.